When electricity is discovered

Electricity is just organized lightning. – George Carlin

It is important to say that electricity has always existed and was not invented, but discovered, and is a very important part of today. Most of the things and devices we use are powered by electricity, or electricity. However, credit for the discovery of electricity goes to Benjamin Franklin for his experiment with a dragon in the thunder.

In 600 BC, Thales of Miletus (known for discovering Thales’s Theorem), recorded the occurrence of electricity when rubbing amber, which we know by the name of static electricity. Little progress occurred in 1600 when the British physicist William Gilbert, in his work: De Magnete, magneticique corporibus et de magno magnetite tellure (About a magnet and magnetized bodies and about the great magnet of the Earth) wrote that matter can be electrified, and gave this phenomenon the name electricity, which is the Greek word for amber. Therefore, we consider him the father of modern electricity research. He also used the terms electric force, attraction and magnetic pole for the first time in history.

In 1660, German scientist Otto Von Guericke designed a rough machine that could produce static electricity. The drive worked by rotating the handle rotating the ball of sulfur in it with one hand and rubbing the ball with the other.

In 1675, the Irish chemist Robert Boyle discovered that electricity could be transmitted through vacuum and he discovered the rejection and attraction of electricity.

In 1729, the British amateur astronomer Stephen Gray discovered the conductance of electricity, which marked a step forward in the idea and research of electricity.

In 1733, the French chemist Charles Francois Du Fay discovered that electricity had two types, which he called resinous (-) and vitreous (+). Later, Benjamin Franklin and scientist Ebenezer Kinnersley renamed the two types into positive (+) and negative (-) voltages.

In 1745, German physicist Georg Von Kleist is the first to say that electricity can be controlled. Dutch physicist, Pieter van Musschenbroek invented the Leiden bottle – the first electric capacitor. The function of a Leiden bottle is to store static electricity and release it again.

Working with electricity has become known for the very important discovery of electromagnetic induction.

In 1747, the British physicist William Watson emptied the Leiden bottle with the help of a circuit and Henry Cavendish, also a British physicist, began to measure the electrical conductivity of various materials.

In 1752, a very famous scientist and one of the founders of the United States, Benjamin Franklin, came up with the theory that electricity is the same as lightning, so he proved it in an experiment with releasing a kite while lightning radiates through the sky. His work with electricity was highly regarded and was honored with a Copley Medal and admitted to the Royal Science Society in 1753.

In 1765, British scientist Joseph Priestly (known for the discovery of oxygen) says that electricity obeys the law of inverse squares in Newton’s law of gravity.

In 1786, the Italian mathematician Girolamo Cardano first wrote that electric and magnetic forces are not one and the same, but that each phenomenon is for itself. The French physicist Charles-Augustin de Coulomb mathematically articulated the attraction of charged bodies and thus contributed much to quantitative research.

In 1800, Italian physicist Alessandro Volta invented the first electric battery, the Volta Electrostatic Pole, and successfully proved that electricity can move through wires. He noted that cathodes and anodes can be formed by chemical reactions. The difference in electrical potentials will encourage the current to flow. The unit for measuring the electrical potential difference is named in honor of Alessandro Volta – volt.

In 1820, the Danish physicist and chemist Hans Christian Orsted confirmed the connection between magnetism and electricity, and the French physicist Andre-Marie Ampere proved that the circuit of electricity behaves like a magnet and established electrodynamics (the unit of measurement of power is named after him – ampere).

Subsequently, Michael Faraday, a British physicist and chemist, invented the electric motor in 1821. The invention of the electric motor represented a step forward in the field of electromagnetism.

Many inventions were invented in 1879. The most significant invention of the year, though, is San Francisco’s first commercial power plant.

In 1883, the American inventor Thomas Edison discovered a three-phase power transmission system (but, in fact, it was discovered by our Nikola Tesla while working at Edison’s company – Continental Edison Company).

In 1897, British physicist J.J. Thomson discovered an electron.

In 1910, the air conditioner was invented, so in 1913 refrigerators came and scientists continued to discover and experiment with the potentials of using electricity to this day.

What do you think?

Written by michael


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *





Where does the intelligence come from?

Basic properties of gases