What is the largest planet in the universe?

Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system, but it can be said to be a true dwarf relative to individual cosmic giants.

When a planet has too much mass, its nucleus begins to convert lighter elements into heavier ones. Thus a celestial body with a mass eighty times that of Jupiter becomes a real star, turning hydrogen into helium. However, below this, at about 14 times the mass of Jupiter, a deuterium fusion is initiated, where traces of fuel left over from the Big Bang slowly generate their energy. In this plane – between the gaseous gin and the dwarf star – is the largest planet in the universe.

In terms of size, however, stars known as brown dwarfs may be smaller than the largest planets, known as gas giants. Namely, when a mass exceeds a certain size, atoms within large planets are compressed so that the addition of mass actually reduces the planet. This also happens in the solar system, which probably explains why Jupiter has three times the mass of Saturn and is physically only 20 percent larger.

However, many systems have planets made up of much lighter elements, without a large solid core. Such larger planets can be up to twice as large as Jupiter before they become stars.

What do you think?

Written by michael


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