Artificial eruptions, orbiting mirrors and genetically modified trees are just some of the inventions that will prevent the planet from overheating. Scientists from all over the world came up with ten almost ingenious inventions in 2007, the essence of which was published by the American magazine “Wired”, stating that some scientists believe that the increase in global temperature requires the implementation of drastic measures.
Others fear that solutions may have worse consequences than the problems themselves, but everyone agrees that the greatest danger is that the status quo situation will be maintained. The journal published a description of ten inventions, among which the conceptual project “agriculture on solitaires” is number one in that specific order, followed by “ecologically clean cows”, “coal brushes”, “controlled hurricanes”, “cloud factory ships”, and there are also “more efficient trees”, then “fertile oceans”, “artificial eruptions”, “space mirrors” and the final “status quo”.
The inspiration for the conceptual solution of the deficit of agricultural land, considering that 37 percent of the land surface is already used for the needs of agriculture, are the so-called ecological solitaires, which can be in function 365 days a year.
A prototype of such a skyscraper, created by Columbia University professor Dix Despomer, is in the American Museum of Science and Industry.
The “agriculture on solitaires” project also points out that with the increase in the number of inhabitants on Earth in 40 years to 9.2 billion people, it will be necessary to double food production.
The “ecologically clean cows” project warns that cows and other domestic animals annually emit over feces of 80 million tons of methane, a greenhouse gas, which is as much as 20 times more saturated than carbon dioxide.
British scientists have found a solution to this problem in – garlic, which when added to animal feed affects bacteria, methane producers, and contributes to better digestion.
For now, the only objection to this idea is that the meat of these animals takes on a taste that, most likely, consumers will not really like.
As for the “coal brush”, Professor Klaus Luckner, a physicist at Columbia University, designed a maxi-brush, almost 100 meters high, to absorb the amount of carbon dioxide that 15,000 cars emit into the atmosphere.
A fleet of such devices, the size of Arizona, could neutralize the poisonous gases of all mankind, it remains unclear what to do next with the collected gas.
It is similar with “controlled hurricanes”, where the physicist of the Hebrew University, Daniel Rosenfeld, believes that injecting dust into the base of the hurricane can improve the image obtained from the satellite, and control its movement and strength.
If, however, control is lost, the consequences can be catastrophic, especially from a legal point of view.
“Cloud-factory ships” have also been designed in which fleets of ships with remote control can reflect the sun’s rays, creating clouds of water vapor with the help of ocean water.
According to the words of the American physicist John Latham and his Scottish colleague Stephen Salter, a thousand such ships can prevent a rise in temperature, which results in a doubling of the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. However, the potential effects of this method on the climate have yet to be studied.
U.S. scientists have published research, the goal of which is to genetically change trees, in order to force them to be “more efficient”, ie to grow faster and reduce the amount of lignin, a chemical compound that makes it difficult to convert them into biofuel.
In that way, they believe, the trees will absorb more carbon dioxide through the roots, and the remaining part would be used for biofuel. The risk is “only” from disturbing ecosystems on a global level.
“Fertile oceans” are based on the idea that the introduction of such elements as urine or iron into seawater increases their fertility and the ability to reproduce plankton, so that it can absorb larger amounts of carbon dioxide.
The dying flora of the ocean, by the way, settles to the bottom and carries away carbon, but the danger lies in the fact that increasing the amount of released and absorbed carbon increases the acidity of the water.
“Artificial eruptions” are a concept proposed by Nobel Prize winner Paul Krutzen, who believes that the dispersal of sulfur into the atmosphere by rockets, planes and even artificial volcanoes would help block the sun’s rays, as it did in 1991 during the eruption of Pinatubo volcano. in the Philippines.
He estimated that it could contribute to the reduction of the temperature to the level of the nineties in ten years. However, if everything does not go as planned, it will take many years to restore the balance in the atmosphere.
What about the idea of ”space mirrors”, which envisages a solar shield, with an area of 1.5 million square meters, made of 16,000 billion mirrors and launched into orbit using a carbon maxi-cannon worth 5,000 billion dollars.
With this idea, the astronomer from the University of Arizona, Roger Angel, intends to cool the planet. The risk is that the absorption of carbon may be absent in the atmosphere and that the greenhouse effect may reappear at some point.
The concluding “status quo” is that the mentioned ingenious projects can cause dangerous consequences in case something goes wrong. However, relapses will be less fatal than the consequence of complete inactivity, scientists point out.
Because, as the given example, the emission of 8.4 billion tons of carbon dioxide every year and the increase of the total amount of this compound to a record level is equivalent to the consequences of the most dangerous experiment that man has ever performed.