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How to learn properly?

Your child, believe it or not, has his problems, even when you have no idea about them. It is additionally burdened by your expectations, which are not only reduced to learning, but also how you can be satisfied with what you achieve.

Shut up and swim. When you tell a child, Its just yours to learn, you’ve made several mistakes at once. First of all, that is not true. Your child, believe it or not, has his problems, even when you have no idea about them. It is additionally burdened by your expectations, which are not limited to learning, but also to keep all your habits and behaviors that you are happy with, to change or turn them into those habits that you (again) will only become satisfied with. The attitude: Yours is just to learn, can be compared to throwing a small child into the water with the only instruction: Shut up and swim! You forgot to explain how it is done. Also, his teachers at school will not do that either. The only excuse you can have is that you dont even know them. However, the methods of proper learning are no secret and have always existed. Their main advantage is that with them, the best results are achieved in the shortest time and what is learned is remembered for the longest time. In addition, once a child gets used to applying them, it is a method of work when he is older. That is, they are universal and do not depend on the child’s age.

Your habits – your experience. Forget your own learning habits. Maybe you studied at night, maybe you studied best in society, maybe … and maybe you managed to finish high school. This, however, does not mean that you have studied correctly, and that just because it “worked” with you, it should also apply to your child. Namely, maybe there is a way for it to learn even faster, even better, with even greater understanding than you.

1. Practice concentration

Concentration is of great importance for school learning. Being focused on the class means, in fact, being present not only physically but also mentally. That is: listen, be extremely attentive and active. It is a focus on what is currently happening and the exclusion of all other thoughts. The more the child concentrates on the lesson, the more of his learning at home will be repetition. However, concentration is practiced and gained. Depending on his age, you can develop it through joint games (putting together puzzles, or playing with clay, coloring …) and other activities that require the child to spend focused attention for a certain period of time. You also encourage the child to end his activity. Children who are constantly interrupted by their parents (lunch, going to bed …) and who are thus forced to “chop” the same activity often and start again – quickly start to get bored.

2. Seeking help

– instruct the child to ask for help from you or his teachers as soon as something is not clear to him, so that he would not learn by heart, but with understanding. Get to know him with additional sources of information (internet, notebooks and textbooks from previous classes, magazines …) Be persistent in demanding that he learn as much as possible with understanding instead of by heart, even when you are sure that his teacher respects only memorization. Think about what is more important to you: to get a good grade for a “swollen” lesson, or to get a little worse if he tells it in his own words? That is, is it your wish that the child has the best possible success, and when he is not connected with that, does he know how to think with his head?

3. Conditions

Provide the best possible working conditions. Ideally, it should be a children’s room, or some other quiet corner, separated from the view of adults, without unnecessary details, good lighting, a table and a chair … Remove everything that distracts from the desk. Turn off the radio, because any background sound also interferes with concentration. Forget the prejudice that music is the only way for your child to learn, or personal experience (“I’ve always been like that …) Maybe you are, but that’s not a reason for a child to repeat your mistakes. Bad habits can be eradicated, and concentration so essential to learning is much easier to establish when there is “peace in the head.”

4. Work plan

In the beginning, the child will probably need your help in writing his first work plans. The weekly plan should contain as precise a schedule as possible, similar to the schedule of classes. Not only learning obligations are entered, but also the time provided for sleeping, training, birthdays during the next week …

5. Learning time

What is the biggest problem for the child, or what he understands the least, is to do well when the effect is greatest. For some it is morning, for some it is evening, but the principle is the same: for the most difficult material, help him choose the best time. Also, don’t let him study at night. To think that learning is best at night is just as justified (read: stupid) as to think that it is best to eat, play or read then. It is best to sleep at night.

6. Divide the lesson

Divide the lesson into smaller sections, from one subtitle to another, either by paragraphs or by accompanying bold letters (which always indicate something important). Thus, reading follows the logical sequence of the lesson.

7. Reading the text

How many times a child will read a text mostly depends on his motivation and concentration. So encourage him to read with full attention in order to understand the text as soon as possible. This is exactly the main goal of reading the text. (not to read it as many times as possible, but to understand it).

8. Underlining

Underlining important words and sentences with a graphite pencil, which is done while reading, enables the child to practice distinguishing the important from the less important. In this way, the next time you return to the same text (repetition), you can focus only on the underlined part. Entire sentences or words can be underlined, or the importance of individual parts of the text can be emphasized with a personal sign (vertical lines next to the text, a flower …)

9. Accent

Interrogation creates a wrong belief in oneself whether a material has been mastered or not, it causes boredom, drowsiness, daydreaming … non-verbal expression … And most importantly, he gets a realistic picture of how much he has learned. Therefore, regardless of whether he repeats only one part of the lesson or the whole area, whether he does it for the first, fifth or final time, whether he repeats it immediately after reading or before tomorrow’s answer … it is necessary for him to do it OUT LOUD.

10. Interrogation

Immediately after reading and understanding a text, suggest that the child listen and repeat the lesson. Repetition performance is affected by:

– Number and distribution of repetitions. The learned material is better retained in the memory if the repetition was arranged for a longer period of time. What does that actually mean? That a child will remember more if he repeats the same material for several consecutive days, even if it is a smaller number of times, than if he repeats the same material many times for a smaller number of days

– Continuity of learning. Learning always flows unevenly and in leaps, ie. sometimes it seems that after, for example, another reading of a text, the child remembers less than before. This is only a temporary phenomenon, which is conditioned by indulgence. Later repetitions cause a new increase in recollection.

– The environment in which he studies. Everything he does at home makes the child more relaxed than he will be able to do at school. That is why it is important that he masters what he does at home as well as possible, in order to show at school the level of knowledge that is most similar to the knowledge acquired in his room.

Dear parents, Maybe all these rules sound abbreviated, too scientific and impossible to implement. I didn’t think of them, but I believe in them.

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