Different types of clouds and their characteristics

Clouds vary in appearance and height at which they occur. These differences provide the basis for the international system of their division. The classification was based on the one proposed by Luc Howard in 1803 and uses the names he came up with: combinations of the names cirrus (curl), stratus (layer) and cumulus (pile). This division groups the clouds as high, medium and low. The combination of these terms distinguished ten basic types of clouds; Cyrus, cirrostratus and cirrcumulus (high clouds), altrocumulus and altrostratus (medium high clouds) and nimbostratus, cumulonimbus, cumulus, stratus and stratocumulus (low clouds). Many of them are further subdivided into innumerable subtypes depending on particular traits.

Cloudiness is a climatic element that shows how much of the sky visible to the naked eye is covered by clouds. It is usually represented in dozens of clouds under the cloud.

Types of clouds

Stratus is the type of low cloud that is encountered all over the world. It is very rare for precipitation to occur and these are the most common precipitation in the form of crystalline needles (professional name – angry). Dense fogs are usually just the type of stratus shape. Stratocumulus and cumulus clouds are of similar characteristics, except that they do not produce fog. The stratocumulus usually has a wrinkled or banded shape, while the cumulus is most often broken down by the firmament and appears to be a pure white color due to the reflection of the sun’s rays.

Cumulonimbuses are the type of clouds that bring us thunderstorms, hail, tornadoes and heavy showers or snowfall. It is a powerful cloud with ice crystals on top and droplets of liquid below. They meet on every continent except Antarctica. In contrast, nimbostratus does not cause storms, but it is the culprit for long, constant low intensity rainfall and long cloudy skies. Altrocumulus is a grayish cloud that forms mostly at night, and is interesting in that the droplets of liquid in it condense and fall inside the cloud, thus not bringing moisture to the soil beneath the cloud itself. It is difficult to distinguish it from the altostratus, which is mainly formed in warm air fronts.

Cirus is a wax made up entirely of ice crystals. It is thin fluffy and has a fibrous appearance. The wind blows its ice crystals across the sky, giving it interesting shapes and shapes, which is why it was nicknamed the cat’s tail. As a rule, it appears before the onset of the great front or after storms are released and almost always announces windy weather. Very similar to it is a circus cumulus cloud, whose somewhat spherical shape is practically the only difference between them. Cirostratus is another cloud formed exclusively of ice crystals. Due to its lower density, the rays of the sun passing through it reflect in pink and other colors, especially in the evening. Likewise, the radiance of the sun and moon through this cloud creates a halo in the sky around these celestial bodies. May cause less precipitation …

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Written by michael


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